Creating a Task from other Tasks
In earlier tutorials, we saw how to create a task in Initialization and use it.
In this tutorial, we will see how to create a task from other tasks.
Here we will discuss some of the most frequently used APIs related to tasks.
1.xTaskCreate(): This interface is used to create a new Task, if the task is successfully created then it returns pdPass(1) or else errCOULD_NOT_ALLOCATE_REQUIRED_MEMORY(-1). Check this link for more details.
2.vTaskDelay(): This function is used to delay/block the task for specified delay time(ticks). INCLUDE_vTaskDelay needs to be set to 1 in FreeRtosConfig.h file for using this function. Check this link for more details.
3.vTaskDelete():This function is used to delete as task. We need to pass the taskHandle of the task to be deleted.
To delete the own task we should pass NULL as the parameter. Please check this link for details.
In this example, we are going to create 2Tasks(Task1,Task3) with priorities 1&3.
Later, Task3 will create 2 more tasks(Task2,Task4) with priorities 2&4. Each task will run for some time depending on the priority and goes to the blocked state allowing other tasks to run. Once the task is done with its job, it will delete itself.
- Cpu chooses Task3 out of the tasks(1,3,and idle) as it has higher priority. Now Task3 will create two more tasks with priority2,4. Now CPU has tasks(1,2,3,4,IDLE). Since Task4 has the highest priority it will preempt the Task3 and starts running.
- Task4 will run for some time and deletes itself.
- Now Tasks(1,2,3,IDLE) are available and Task3 will run again because for its higher priority. It will Run for some time and deletes itself.
- Now Tasks(1,2,Idle) are remaining and Task2 will run and deletes itself once its job is done.
- Out of Task(1,Idle), Task1 runs and it also deletes itself.
- CPU is left out with the Idle task and it keeps running.
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